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A Vth century manuscript, the Passio acaunensium martyrum,describes how a Legion of Roman soldiers, all Christian men of Thebes (in Egypt) was decimated (slaughtered) by order of Emperor Maximian about the year 300 AD when, under the command of Maurice, they refused to obey orders and participate in the persecutionof other Christians. Tradition placed this massacre at the place now named St. Maurice (VS) an important cross-roads between Gaul and Italy. About 400 AD, Bishop Theodore of Octodurum (Martigny) revived the story, and built a monument on the site that is now St. Maurice, which developed into an important Christian center in the Middle Ages.To read more about this, visit